National Executive Director
Anita Nickerson
office@fairvote.ca

National President
Réal Lavergne
reallavergne@yahoo.ca

Script author
Julien Lamarche
julien.lamarche@gmail.com
613-266-3793




An unrepresented vote is a vote that will not be represented in the legislature because it did not go to the winning candidate.


Hello,

My name is Julien Lamarche(@cyclingzealot). I am a volunteer for Fair Vote Canada(@FairVoteCanada), an organization that does public education and lobbying to change the voting system so that more votes count.

Below is a compilation of the numbers taken from the Canada 2019 live election results.

It sorts ridings by percentage of unrepresented votes. An unrepresented vote is a vote that will not be represented in the legislature because it did not go to the winning candidate. At the bottom you will also see unrepresented votes by party.



Winner-take-all :

Winner-take-all systems (both first past the post and preferential ballot - ie Alternative Vote) have a high rate of wasted or unrepresented votes. But most democracies have moved on to some form of proportional voting system which greatly diminish the lack of representation (to about 5% of unrepresented votes). A proportional voting system also eliminates false government majorities.



If you wish to help :
  • Go Sign the Declaration of Voters Rights
  • Share:
  • Donate to Fair Vote Canada
  • Retweet relevant @cyclingzealot, #wastedvotes tweets during the election
  • After the election, follow and retweet @FairVoteCanada and #fairvote
More information is available on the website of Fair Vote Canada





The numbers

Data from indvidual ridings used in this compilation may be from 0 to 30 minutes late.
Riding nameUnrepresented votes %Unrepresented votesParticipation rate % (so far)
Victoria 66.79 % 47784 73.50 %
Nanaimo?Ladysmith 65.43 % 47020 69.48 %
Esquimalt?Saanich?Sooke 65.94 % 46238 70.94 %
Guelph 59.64 % 45071 72.33 %
Niagara Falls 64.51 % 44983 62.35 %
South Okanagan?West Kootenay 63.62 % 43387 69.56 %
Trois-Rivi�res 71.52 % 43298 66.73 %
Simcoe?Grey 56.55 % 42697 65.98 %
Courtenay?Alberni 58.79 % 42490 72.27 %
Peterborough?Kawartha 60.75 % 42401 70.51 %
West Vancouver?Sunshine Coast?Sea to Sky Country 65.11 % 42307 69.12 %
Durham 57.88 % 42262 68.45 %
Sherbrooke 70.72 % 42236 68.28 %
Cowichan?Malahat?Langford 63.94 % 41709 70.72 %
Northumberland?Peterborough South 60.29 % 41576 71.71 %
London West 57.04 % 40651 72.00 %
Ottawa Centre 51.34 % 40511 80.15 %
Kamloops?Thompson?Cariboo 55.26 % 40038 70.81 %
Essex 58.60 % 40014 67.29 %
Brantford?Brant 59.73 % 39817 62.22 %
Dufferin?Caledon 57.95 % 39764 65.07 %
Markham?Stouffville 61.09 % 39333 68.38 %
North Island?Powell River 62.12 % 39081 70.57 %
Whitby 56.32 % 38919 70.80 %
Kanata?Carleton 56.95 % 38026 77.40 %
Flamborough?Glanbrook 60.78 % 38012 70.47 %
Coquitlam?Port Coquitlam 65.31 % 37997 63.65 %
North Okanagan?Shuswap 51.24 % 37991 69.97 %
Brome?Missisquoi 61.83 % 37991 70.06 %
Windsor?Tecumseh 66.56 % 37911 60.52 %
Oshawa 61.14 % 37896 61.52 %
Niagara Centre 64.99 % 37671 64.91 %
Nepean 54.11 % 37650 75.16 %
Kelowna?Lake Country 54.43 % 37623 69.43 %
Bay of Quinte 60.84 % 37448 66.07 %
Shefford 61.42 % 37410 68.44 %
Orl�ans 45.73 % 37227 77.34 %
Carleton 53.65 % 37212 79.45 %
Kootenay?Columbia 55.19 % 37162 73.75 %
Port Moody?Coquitlam 68.79 % 37148 66.45 %
Burlington 51.39 % 36996 72.61 %
Kingston and the Islands 54.24 % 36988 70.54 %
Louis-H�bert 59.49 % 36920 76.63 %
Longueuil?Saint-Hubert 61.46 % 36783 69.94 %
Wellington?Halton Hills 52.58 % 36636 70.82 %
Charlesbourg?Haute-Saint-Charles 61.95 % 36612 70.35 %
Beauce 61.53 % 36569 70.17 %
Portneuf?Jacques-Cartier 56.54 % 36564 70.94 %
Compton?Stanstead 62.69 % 36506 70.19 %
London North Centre 57.25 % 36494 67.28 %
Louis-Saint-Laurent 55.34 % 36282 70.67 %
Qu�bec 66.70 % 36151 69.98 %
Oakville North?Burlington 51.74 % 36026 71.88 %
North Vancouver 57.13 % 35951 71.70 %
St. Catharines 59.77 % 35930 66.99 %
Vaudreuil?Soulanges 52.67 % 35888 72.41 %
La Prairie 58.24 % 35846 71.95 %
Vancouver Granville 67.44 % 35767 65.03 %
Simcoe North 56.61 % 35537 64.99 %
Saint-Maurice?Champlain 60.45 % 35310 65.20 %
L�vis?Lotbini�re 55.43 % 35192 72.40 %
Berthier?Maskinong� 62.38 % 35154 68.01 %
Oakville 53.72 % 35136 73.09 %
King?Vaughan 55.01 % 35123 64.94 %
Kitchener Centre 63.31 % 35058 67.13 %
Beauport?Limoilou 69.82 % 35042 66.07 %
Cambridge 60.47 % 35039 64.87 %
Hochelaga 66.05 % 35029 65.38 %
Newmarket?Aurora 56.90 % 34972 67.32 %
Laurentides?Labelle 53.18 % 34781 66.22 %
Saanich?Gulf Islands 50.91 % 34696 75.51 %
Hamilton West?Ancaster?Dundas 53.45 % 34687 74.57 %
Rosemont?La Petite-Patrie 57.52 % 34631 71.43 %
Pitt Meadows?Maple Ridge 63.77 % 34581 68.20 %
Rivi�re-des-Mille-�les 59.39 % 34555 72.11 %
Cloverdale?Langley City 62.27 % 34552 64.97 %
Glengarry?Prescott?Russell 52.44 % 34498 72.21 %
Beloeil?Chambly 49.54 % 34422 73.71 %
Saint-Jean 55.15 % 34125 69.33 %
Th�r�se-De Blainville 58.18 % 34063 72.11 %
Montarville 57.17 % 33862 77.79 %
Ottawa West?Nepean 54.38 % 33828 72.62 %
Hamilton Mountain 63.86 % 33814 65.98 %
Central Okanagan?Similkameen?Nicola 52.05 % 33800 69.20 %
South Surrey?White Rock 58.11 % 33718 69.36 %
Langley?Aldergrove 53.00 % 33629 68.94 %
Haliburton?Kawartha Lakes?Brock 50.95 % 33503 66.85 %
Etobicoke?Lakeshore 48.12 % 33454 68.01 %
Salaberry?Suro�t 52.35 % 32928 67.02 %
London?Fanshawe 59.21 % 32904 60.39 %
Barrie?Springwater?Oro-Medonte 61.00 % 32812 66.91 %
Saint-Hyacinthe?Bagot 58.61 % 32771 70.06 %
Fredericton 66.32 % 32769 75.52 %
Waterloo 51.21 % 32621 74.77 %
Lanark?Frontenac?Kingston 51.86 % 32404 72.48 %
Vancouver Centre 57.82 % 32347 61.51 %
Burnaby North?Seymour 64.50 % 32289 65.36 %
Ch�teauguay?Lacolle 61.61 % 32284 68.39 %
Beauport-C�te-de-Beaupr�-�le d'Orl�ans-Charlevoix 63.65 % 32228 67.45 %
Bellechasse?Les Etchemins?L�vis 49.91 % 32164 69.55 %
Richmond?Arthabaska 54.72 % 32085 68.84 %
Halifax 57.52 % 32071 75.04 %
Parkdale?High Park 52.61 % 32035 74.00 %
Hamilton East?Stoney Creek 61.43 % 32034 62.24 %
Haldimand?Norfolk 53.25 % 31908 66.27 %
Parry Sound?Muskoka 58.21 % 31818 66.39 %
Mirabel 48.92 % 31811 68.74 %
Jonqui�re 64.40 % 31790 69.27 %
Delta 58.77 % 31719 70.69 %
Pontiac 51.14 % 31630 68.20 %
Oxford 51.86 % 31581 66.21 %
Mississauga?Lakeshore 51.60 % 31473 68.25 %
Longueuil?Charles-LeMoyne 60.98 % 31430 62.84 %
Huron?Bruce 51.51 % 31355 71.12 %
Bruce?Grey?Owen Sound 53.87 % 31331 65.61 %
Kitchener South?Hespeler 59.82 % 31247 65.99 %
Ottawa?Vanier 48.84 % 31202 70.96 %
Ottawa South 47.68 % 31171 72.04 %
Windsor West 59.97 % 31162 55.98 %
Hastings?Lennox and Addington 58.62 % 31126 66.74 %
Pickering?Uxbridge 48.99 % 31108 68.93 %
Laurier?Sainte-Marie 58.24 % 31103 65.39 %
Argenteuil?La Petite-Nation 62.21 % 31101 63.37 %
Edmonton Centre 58.55 % 31086 65.37 %
Kitchener?Conestoga 60.26 % 31055 69.60 %
Marc-Aur�le-Fortin 55.45 % 30952 72.40 %
Elgin?Middlesex?London 49.76 % 30728 66.66 %
Fleetwood?Port Kells 62.34 % 30697 61.51 %
South Shore?St. Margarets 58.33 % 30632 67.69 %
Repentigny 46.78 % 30619 72.22 %
Barrie?Innisfil 56.20 % 30488 62.96 %
Etobicoke Centre 48.12 % 30419 69.48 %
Lac-Saint-Jean 56.04 % 30388 65.57 %
Toronto?Danforth 52.32 % 30378 71.94 %
Terrebonne 49.41 % 30306 70.53 %
Drummond 55.18 % 30250 66.67 %
Davenport 56.28 % 29929 67.15 %
Edmonton Strathcona 52.73 % 29922 73.75 %
Leeds-Grenville-Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes 51.02 % 29823 69.79 %
Nickel Belt 61.01 % 29802 64.69 %
Pierre-Boucher?Les Patriotes?Verch�res 48.98 % 29774 76.30 %
Lambton?Kent?Middlesex 50.95 % 29761 66.57 %
Perth?Wellington 53.66 % 29672 67.06 %
Sackville?Preston?Chezzetcook 59.78 % 29612 69.76 %
LaSalle?�mard?Verdun 56.48 % 29588 64.69 %
Calgary Confederation 44.89 % 29580 72.23 %
Moncton?Riverview?Dieppe 57.05 % 29567 70.03 %
Aurora?Oak Ridges?Richmond Hill 55.62 % 29541 64.41 %
New Westminster?Burnaby 55.76 % 29540 62.27 %
La Pointe-de-l'�le 53.16 % 29524 66.22 %
Niagara West 54.66 % 29477 72.47 %
Montmagny?L'Islet?Kamouraska?Rivi�re-du-Loup 58.35 % 29399 65.66 %
Sarnia?Lambton 50.58 % 29293 68.71 %
Dartmouth?Cole Harbour 54.66 % 29240 70.02 %
Mississauga?Streetsville 49.60 % 29147 67.62 %
Vimy 52.30 % 29043 64.25 %
York?Simcoe 53.67 % 28863 60.74 %
Rivi�re-du-Nord 47.95 % 28820 63.99 %
Milton 48.25 % 28797 70.82 %
Cumberland?Colchester 63.32 % 28778 68.90 %
Beaus�jour 53.53 % 28737 77.99 %
Chatham-Kent?Leamington 53.12 % 28729 63.29 %
Vancouver Quadra 56.47 % 28661 68.02 %
Calgary Centre 43.36 % 28558 69.44 %
Rimouski-Neigette?T�miscouata?Les Basques 62.17 % 28453 66.52 %
West Nova 60.70 % 28408 67.69 %
Nipissing?Timiskaming 59.45 % 28375 64.59 %
Richmond Hill 56.52 % 28345 59.93 %
Sudbury 59.06 % 28334 65.24 %
Alfred-Pellan 52.10 % 28294 69.90 %
Burnaby South 62.33 % 28050 56.89 %
Sydney?Victoria 69.10 % 28029 68.44 %
Laval?Les �les 51.76 % 27930 65.84 %
Renfrew?Nipissing?Pembroke 47.28 % 27877 69.09 %
Winnipeg South Centre 55.00 % 27862 71.57 %
University?Rosedale 48.33 % 27739 71.58 %
Chicoutimi?Le Fjord 63.18 % 27726 68.28 %
Winnipeg South 57.86 % 27707 69.92 %
Halifax West 50.54 % 27472 71.12 %
Charleswood?St. James?Assiniboia?Headingley 59.30 % 27413 71.10 %
Abitibi?T�miscamingue 54.53 % 27352 62.20 %
Toronto?St. Paul's 45.69 % 27340 71.59 %
Markham?Unionville 51.06 % 27263 60.90 %
Kings?Hants 56.69 % 27230 69.52 %
Chilliwack?Hope 50.38 % 27083 65.69 %
Mississauga?Erin Mills 46.48 % 27081 66.64 %
Saint Boniface?Saint Vital 57.12 % 27038 69.91 %
Spadina?Fort York 44.23 % 26828 67.75 %
Brampton East 52.61 % 26703 66.41 %
Gatineau 47.86 % 26699 66.98 %
Thunder Bay?Rainy River 64.68 % 26553 63.00 %
Mission?Matsqui?Fraser Canyon 57.59 % 26531 67.21 %
Edmonton Mill Woods 49.72 % 26441 68.96 %
Vancouver East 47.43 % 26375 61.06 %
Fundy Royal 53.98 % 26257 75.39 %
Cape Breton?Canso 61.12 % 26246 72.07 %
Ahuntsic-Cartierville 47.55 % 26207 67.49 %
Eglinton?Lawrence 46.70 % 26154 68.10 %
Brossard?Saint-Lambert 46.10 % 26115 68.68 %
Edmonton Riverbend 42.56 % 26022 70.98 %
Cariboo?Prince George 47.33 % 25926 65.50 %
Surrey Centre 62.60 % 25866 54.86 %
Ajax 42.32 % 25822 66.31 %
Saint John?Rothesay 62.57 % 25810 65.49 %
St. Albert?Edmonton 39.31 % 25585 70.67 %
Sault Ste. Marie 60.95 % 25416 63.47 %
Vancouver South 58.77 % 25386 58.86 %
Hull?Aylmer 45.93 % 25261 70.42 %
Brampton West 46.46 % 24940 62.61 %
Lac-Saint-Louis 41.84 % 24903 71.57 %
Papineau 48.88 % 24824 67.17 %
Dorval?Lachine?LaSalle 47.08 % 24753 62.53 %
Stormont?Dundas?South Glengarry 46.05 % 24735 64.03 %
Mississauga East?Cooksville 46.94 % 24700 62.05 %
Thunder Bay?Superior North 57.15 % 24675 66.12 %
Brampton South 50.53 % 24598 62.77 %
Brampton North 48.58 % 24532 65.86 %
Regina?Lewvan 47.52 % 24526 75.88 %
Vaughan?Woodbridge 48.72 % 24518 63.71 %
Steveston?Richmond East 58.34 % 24473 57.40 %
Kildonan?St. Paul 55.18 % 24442 67.74 %
Skeena?Bulkley Valley 59.06 % 24440 62.71 %
Ville-Marie?Le Sud-Ouest?�le-des-Soeurs 46.52 % 24435 60.29 %
Beaches?East York 42.80 % 24431 70.90 %
Thornhill 45.44 % 24309 63.77 %
Pierrefonds?Dollard 43.57 % 24166 67.35 %
M�gantic?L'�rable 50.76 % 24116 68.48 %
Edmonton?Wetaskiwin 27.57 % 24109 71.43 %
Joliette 41.78 % 24109 66.31 %
Calgary Skyview 47.51 % 24019 60.69 %
Edmonton Manning 44.05 % 23955 61.45 %
St. John's East 53.08 % 23924 69.03 %
Mississauga Centre 44.24 % 23782 62.30 %
Abbotsford 48.58 % 23774 65.95 %
Hamilton Centre 53.84 % 23754 60.27 %
Central Nova 53.41 % 23752 74.49 %
Algoma?Manitoulin?Kapuskasing 58.41 % 23708 62.63 %
Elmwood?Transcona 54.37 % 23578 62.85 %
Toronto Centre 42.63 % 23241 68.55 %
Willowdale 51.00 % 23188 58.22 %
Surrey?Newton 54.96 % 23138 63.35 %
Saskatoon?Grasswood 46.73 % 23103 77.59 %
Don Valley West 44.20 % 23086 71.49 %
Don Valley North 49.55 % 23076 62.05 %
Montcalm 41.99 % 23015 63.39 %
Regina?Wascana 50.57 % 22937 76.28 %
Edmonton West 39.08 % 22916 66.59 %
Edmonton Griesbach 48.64 % 22843 57.49 %
B�cancour?Nicolet?Saurel 43.34 % 22684 67.43 %
Banff?Airdrie 28.91 % 22576 73.15 %
Saskatoon?University 47.87 % 22513 77.25 %
Vancouver Kingsway 50.91 % 22483 59.44 %
Calgary Rocky Ridge 31.70 % 22397 72.31 %
Outremont 53.81 % 22309 62.20 %
Avalon 53.74 % 22212 60.37 %
Gasp�sie?Les �les-de-la-Madeleine 57.54 % 22084 60.49 %
Notre-Dame-de-Gr�ce?Westmount 43.72 % 21998 66.36 %
Miramichi?Grand Lake 63.23 % 21876 72.79 %
Timmins?James Bay 59.49 % 21855 58.64 %
Scarborough Southwest 42.80 % 21670 65.29 %
Acadie?Bathurst 44.86 % 21596 73.54 %
York Centre 49.80 % 21506 62.53 %
Lethbridge 34.21 % 21169 70.52 %
Brampton Centre 52.79 % 20987 59.76 %
Scarborough Centre 44.81 % 20861 62.37 %
Honor�-Mercier 41.34 % 20820 65.41 %
Scarborough?Agincourt 49.50 % 20699 59.29 %
Mississauga?Malton 42.54 % 20647 62.05 %
Markham?Thornhill 46.09 % 20626 62.81 %
Saskatoon West 52.30 % 20388 64.68 %
Long Range Mountains 52.64 % 20227 56.21 %
Abitibi?Baie-James?Nunavik?Eeyou 63.89 % 20224 50.25 %
New Brunswick Southwest 50.85 % 20127 74.46 %
St. John's South?Mount Pearl 48.87 % 19873 61.42 %
Richmond Centre 50.96 % 19780 53.35 %
Calgary Shepard 24.99 % 19526 70.20 %
Sherwood Park?Fort Saskatchewan 26.63 % 19450 76.98 %
Mount Royal 43.70 % 19089 60.50 %
Scarborough?Rouge Park 37.81 % 19066 66.42 %
Calgary Signal Hill 30.02 % 19057 72.15 %
Tobique?Mactaquac 49.66 % 18972 70.01 %
Winnipeg Centre 58.79 % 18651 54.22 %
Manicouagan 46.11 % 18622 56.88 %
Selkirk?Interlake?Eastman 37.28 % 18493 68.66 %
York South?Weston 41.58 % 18487 57.79 %
Kenora 66.01 % 18342 61.41 %
Scarborough North 46.43 % 18126 59.71 %
Coast of Bays?Central?Notre Dame 51.69 % 17668 55.59 %
Saint-L�onard?Saint-Michel 38.67 % 17568 60.38 %
Calgary Midnapore 25.74 % 17529 73.22 %
Bonavista?Burin?Trinity 54.30 % 17472 55.83 %
Avignon?La Mitis?Matane?Matap�dia 48.57 % 17468 61.41 %
Winnipeg North 52.40 % 17154 52.38 %
Madawaska?Restigouche 49.72 % 17138 69.38 %
Bourassa 42.43 % 17120 59.09 %
Don Valley East 40.19 % 16999 64.95 %
Calgary Heritage 29.28 % 16898 70.93 %
Calgary Nose Hill 30.23 % 16721 66.90 %
Prince George?Peace River?Northern Rockies 30.21 % 16656 69.79 %
Saint-Laurent 41.40 % 16620 59.96 %
Scarborough?Guildwood 38.88 % 16619 63.94 %
Etobicoke North 38.56 % 16558 58.82 %
Provencher 34.12 % 16484 70.50 %
Calgary Forest Lawn 40.43 % 16159 53.54 %
Desneth�?Missinippi?Churchill River 57.70 % 15726 59.75 %
Sturgeon River?Parkland 22.46 % 15422 74.19 %
Brandon?Souris 36.54 % 15058 66.38 %
Humber River?Black Creek 38.91 % 14771 56.85 %
Dauphin?Swan River?Neepawa 35.65 % 14463 66.18 %
Regina?Qu'Appelle 36.88 % 14292 70.69 %
Yukon 66.53 % 13983 73.19 %
Red Deer?Lacombe 20.17 % 13601 72.83 %
Malpeque 58.62 % 13506 77.05 %
Red Deer?Mountain View 19.66 % 13404 76.82 %
Portage?Lisgar 29.21 % 13036 68.52 %
Moose Jaw?Lake Centre?Lanigan 28.88 % 12991 76.89 %
Prince Albert 32.28 % 12819 69.84 %
Egmont 60.27 % 12162 72.01 %
Churchill?Keewatinook Aski 49.68 % 11768 48.78 %
Foothills 17.87 % 11719 76.58 %
Cardigan 50.65 % 11228 75.51 %
Charlottetown 55.74 % 11098 73.45 %
Medicine Hat?Cardston?Warner 20.82 % 11057 68.07 %
Fort McMurray?Cold Lake 20.15 % 10270 65.55 %
Yellowhead 17.87 % 10004 76.04 %
Peace River?Westlock 19.34 % 9990 70.45 %
Northwest Territories 60.30 % 9824 54.29 %
Grande Prairie?Mackenzie 16.04 % 9781 72.38 %
Carlton Trail?Eagle Creek 21.44 % 9636 78.45 %
Lakeland 16.09 % 9264 73.58 %
Yorkton?Melville 23.85 % 9246 74.01 %
Battle River?Crowfoot 14.51 % 9051 77.30 %
Bow River 16.07 % 8859 70.10 %
Battlefords?Lloydminster 21.75 % 7791 70.74 %
Cypress Hills?Grasslands 18.94 % 7275 77.18 %
Labrador 57.52 % 6568 57.74 %
Souris?Moose Mountain 15.60 % 6483 80.19 %
Nunavut 59.16 % 5593 51.12 %
Canada 50.96 % 9260414 67.65 %




Unrepresented votes by party:

Party initialsEffective votesWasted votesTotal votesWasted votes %Seats per 1000000 votes
Conservative 3725512 2513998 6239510 40.29 % 19.4
Green Party 74938 1114693 1189631 93.70 % 2.5
NDP-New Democratic Party 494784 2409005 2903789 82.96 % 8.3
VCP 0 6300 6300 100.00 % 0.0
Liberal 3794188 2224909 6019097 36.96 % 26.1
Christian Heritage Party 0 18901 18901 100.00 % 0.0
People's Party 0 294104 294104 100.00 % 0.0
Independent 17265 55282 72547 76.20 % 13.8
National Citizens Alliance 0 510 510 100.00 % 0.0
Communist 0 3905 3905 100.00 % 0.0
Animal Protection Party 0 4408 4408 100.00 % 0.0
Parti Rhinocéros Party 0 9538 9538 100.00 % 0.0
Libertarian 0 8367 8367 100.00 % 0.0
ML 0 4124 4124 100.00 % 0.0
CFF - Canada's Fourth Front 0 682 682 100.00 % 0.0
Nationalist 0 281 281 100.00 % 0.0
PC Party 0 1534 1534 100.00 % 0.0
Radical Marijuana 0 920 920 100.00 % 0.0
Bloc Québécois 804535 582495 1387030 42.00 % 23.1
Pour l'Indépendance du Québec 0 3815 3815 100.00 % 0.0
No Affiliation 0 1745 1745 100.00 % 0.0
UPC 0 602 602 100.00 % 0.0
Stop Climate Change 0 296 296 100.00 % 0.0

Results compiled on 2019-11-18 06:11:41 PST. Data used for individual ridings may be from 0 to 30 minutes late.

Code available on Github. If you add "?format=csv" you will get the votes for each party in every riding in tabular format.

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